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Natisni Nastavitve

METHODS AND TOOLS IN PUBLIC HEALTH


Chair of Public Health offers to Erasmus students course in METHODS AND TOOLS IN PUBLIC HEALTH. The course is one of courses of PUBLIC HEALTH PILLAR at the University of Ljubljana Faculty of Medicine. The other courses are INTRODUCTION TO MEDICINE: MODULE 4. INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC HEALTH (Grade 1) and DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH (Grade 2). Public helath contents are also part of clinical courses in sense of Major Public Health Problems.

 

Lecturer

Prof.dr. Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj

 

Number of ECTS credits

4

 

Teaching language:

Teaching language is Slovene. Erasmus students are invited to participate in the course if they understand Slovene language (students from countries of former Yougoslavia: Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia). For other Erasmus students abridged course is provided in English language.

 

Teaching methods:

Teaching methods for Slovene students are lectures and seminars.

Contact hours: 60 (lectures: 30; seminars: 30)

 

Erasmus students are invited to participate in the course if they understand Slovene language (especially students from countries of former Yougoslavia: Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia). In this case they are treated as other students at University of Ljubljana faculty of Medicine students. They participate in one of small groups with other students and make a seminar paper as a group work. All other Erasmus students participate in special group with special abridged course content. Each individual student makes his own seminar paper and presents it to other students. Also Slovene students are invited to participate at the presentation.

 

Objectives

The most important objectives are:

  • to understand the meaning and importance of research of population health on general and in controlling population health problems using PH                 approaches and measures,
  • to get to know with basic methods of research of population health,
  • to get to know with basic PH approaches and measures for controlling population health problems.

 

Subject-specific competences

Students:

  • know the meaning and importance of reserch of population health,
  • know epidemiologic methods as most important group of methods for research of population health,
  • know specific methods for research of environmental health,
  • know demographic and ecometric methods,
  • know selected PH approaches and measures to controll health problems of the population.

 

Description of content

MODULE 1 – methods of studying health of the population

EPIDEMIOLOGIC METHODS

  1. Quantification of health phenomena
  2. Frequency measures
  3. Measures of association
  4. Measures of potencial impact
  5. Types of epidemiologic studies
  6. Interpretation of epidemiologic studies results

 

METHODS OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH

  1. Environmental health surveillance
  2. Methods of health risk assessment
  3. Methods of environmental epidemiology
  4. Outbreak investigation

 

OTHER METHODS OF POPULATION HEALTH RESEARCH

  1. Demographic methods
  2. Methods of measuring global burden of disease
  1. Methods of evaluation of tests
  2. Econometric methods

 

MODULE 2 – public health approaches and measures

  1. Strategies, politics, action plans
  2. Health promotion and health education
  3. Vaccination
  4. Screenings
  5. Communicable diseases surveillance
  6. Controlling health risks of air pollution
  7. Controlling health risks of water pollution
  8. Controlling health risks of soil pollution
  9. Controlling health risks of noise pollution
  10. Controlling health risks of food contamination
  11. Controlling health risks of natural disasters
  12. Controlling health risks of ecologic disasters
  13. Healthy/health promoting settings

 

Intended learning outcomes

KNOWLEDGE

Student:

  • is familiar with quantification of health phenomena,
  • is familiar with prevalence and incidence measures,
  • is familiar with the most important measures of association,
  • is familiar with the most important measures of association,
  • is familiar with the most important types of epidemiologic studies,
  • is familiar with epidemiologic studies results interpretation ptfalls,
  • is familiar with methods of measuring quality of the environment,
  • is familiar with methods of human exposure,
  • is familiar with methods of assessment of environmental health risks,
  • is familiar with methods of spatial epidemiology,
  • is familiar with methods of outbreak investigation,
  • is familiar with the most important demographic characteristics of populations,
  • is familiar with demographic events and demographic phenomena,
  • is familiar with methods of screening tests evaluation,
  • is familiar with econometric methods,
  • is familiar with methods of global burden of disease,
  • is familiar with strategies, policies, action plans,
  • is familiar with health promotion/health education methods,
  • is familiar with communicable diseases surveillance methods,
  • is familiar with principles of vaccination,
  • is familiar with principles of screening,
  • is familiar with methods of controlling of health risks of air pollution,
  • is familiar with methods of controlling of health risks of water pollution,
  • is familiar with methods of controlling of health risks of soil pollution,
  • is familiar with methods of controlling of health risks of noise pollution,
  • is familiar with methods of controlling of health risks of food contamination,
  • is familiar with methods of controlling of health risks of natural disasters,
  • is familiar with methods of controlling of health risks of ecologic disasters,
  • is familiar with Healthy/Health Promoting Settings WHO concept and healthy/health promoting settings actions on global and national levels.

 

UNDERSTANDING

Student:

  • understands the meaning and importance of population health research,
  • understands the difference between prevalence and incidence,
  • understands the meaning and importance of cross-sectional surveys in evidence based PH,
  • understands the meaning and importance of assessment of bias, confounding and chance,
  • understands ethical problems of PH research,
  • understands the the meaning and importance of producing evidence on specific environmental health risks,
  • understands the difference between demographic events and demographic phenomena,
  • understands the difference between nosologic and diagnostic conditional probabilities, including the impact of prevalence on the later,
  • understands the difference between health strategy/politics and strategy/politics for health,
  • understands the importance of health promotion for controlling population health problems in the future,
  • understands ethical dilemas of PH measures.

 

Methods of assessment and the assessment scale

Seminar paper and written exam (test).

 

ASSESSMENT SCALE:

1-5 negative

6-10 positive (6-fair, 7-good, 8-very good, 9-very good, 10-excellent)

 

Readings:

  1. Zaletel-Kragelj L, Božikov J, eds. Methods and tools in public health. Lage: Hans Jacobs Publishing, 2010. Available at URL: http://www.snz.unizg.hr/ph-see/Documents/Publications/PH-SEE_Book6_Full_MethodsAndToolsInPH.pdf.
  2. Dos Santos Silva I. Cancer Epidemiology: Principles and Methods. Lyon: IARC, 1999. Available at URL: http://www.iarc.fr/en/publications/pdfs-online/epi/cancerepi/index.php.
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